Mahatma Gandhi BiographyIf you want to learn more on Mahatma Gandhi Biography then the first thing that you know very well full name, Birth Date, Died date and other all information about Mahatma Gandhi. I think you all are well aware of Gandhi Ji, Father of Nation, Bapu, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
|Mahatma Gandhi Biography|
Mahatma Gandhi Biography in Hindi
|Mahatma Gandhi Biography in Hindi|
गांधीजी के पिता करमचंद गांधी राजकोट के दीवान थे। इनकी माता का नाम पुतलीबाई था। वह धार्मिक विचारों वाली थी।
उन्होंने हमेशा सत्य और अहिंसा के लिए आंदोलन चलाए। गांधीजी वकालत की शिक्षा प्राप्त करने के लिए इंग्लैंड भी गए थे। वहां से लौटने के बाद उन्होंने बंबई में वकालत शुरू की। महात्मा गांधी सत्य और अहिंसा के पुजारी थे।
एक बार गांधीजी मुकदमे की पैरवी के लिए दक्षिण अफ्रीका भी गए थे। वह अंग्रेजों द्वारा भारतीयों पर अत्याचार देख बहुत दुखी हुए। उन्होंने डांडी यात्रा भी की।
गांधीजी की 30 जनवरी को प्रार्थना सभा में नाथूराम गोडसे ने गोली मारकर हत्या कर दी। महात्मा गांधी की समाधि राजघाट दिल्ली पर बनी हुई है।
Mahatma Gandhi Biography in English
|Mahatma Gandhi Biography in English|
Born into a privileged caste, Gandhi was fortunate to receive a comprehensive education but proved a mediocre student. In May 1883, aged 13, Gandhi married to Kasturba Makhanji, a girl also aged 13, through the arrangement of their respective parents, as is customary in India. Following his entry into Samaldas College, at the University of Bombay, she bore him the first of four sons, in 1888.
Gandhi was unhappy at college, following his parent’s wishes to take the bar, and when he was offered the opportunity of furthering his studies overseas, at University College London, aged 18, he accepted with alacrity, starting there in September 1888.
Determined to adhere to Hindu principles, which included vegetarianism as well as alcohol and sexual abstinence, he found London restrictive initially, but once he had found kindred spirits he flourished, and pursued the philosophical study of religions, including Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism and others, having professed no particular interest in religion up until then. Following admission to the English Bar, and his return to India, he found work difficult to come by and, in 1893, accepted a year’s contract to work for an Indian firm in Natal, South Africa.
Although not yet enshrined in law, the system of ‘apartheid’ was very much in evidence in South Africa at the turn of the 20th century. Despite arriving on a year’s contract, Gandhi spent the next 21 years living in South Africa and railed against the injustice of racial segregation. On one occasion he was thrown from a first class train carriage, despite being in possession of a valid ticket.
Witnessing the racial bias experienced by his countrymen served as a catalyst for his later activism, and he attempted to fight segregation at all levels. He founded a political movement, known as the Natal Indian Congress, and developed his theoretical belief in non-violent civil protest into a solid political stance, when he opposed the introduction of registration for all Indians, within South Africa, via non-cooperation with the relevant civic authorities.
On his return to India in 1916, Gandhi developed his practice of non-violent civil disobedience still further, raising awareness of oppressive practices in Bihar, in 1918, which saw the local populace oppressed by their largely British masters. He also encouraged oppressed villagers to improve their circumstances, leading peaceful strikes and protests. His fame spread and he became widely referred to as ‘Mahatma’ or ‘Great Soul’.
As his fame spread, so his political influence increased: by 1921 he was leading the Indian National Congress, and reorganising the party’s constitution around the principle of ‘Swaraj’, or complete political independence from the British. He also instigated a boycott of British goods and institutions, and his encouragement of mass civil disobedience led to his arrest, on 10th March 1922, and trial on sedition charges, for which he served two years, of a 6-year prison sentence.
Full Biography of Mahatma Gandhi in English at wikipedia.org